The proportion of immigration from one country to another varies greatly. In some areas, the population is more than half, while in others, the population is less than 0.1%. Which country has the most immigrants? where are they from? How are they distributed around the world? We have outlined here the number and proportion of immigrants in different countries around the world.
According to a study released by the non-partisan Pew Research Center in November 2019, immigrants arriving in Europe are more diverse than the population of the United States. This is the first unauthorized immigration in Europe in more than a decade Happening.
Since 2015, the number of people fleeing violent conflicts in Africa and the Middle East and heading to Europe has decreased, when a record number of asylum seekers (approximately 1.6 million) entered the member states of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. The United Nations said that by the first six weeks of 2020, more than 11,000 people will cross the Mediterranean Sea, and the growth rate is much lower than in recent years.
COUNTRIES THAT TAKE THE MOST IMMIGRANTS
- The United States
- The United Kingdom
- The Netherlands
READ ALSO: MIGRATION: CAUSES, EFFECTS AND BEHAVIOURS
The United States admitted 1,127,200 permanent migrants in 2017, remaining the best country for immigration, despite having a 5% decline since 2016. This figure measures permanent resident status granted and does not include migration to the US otherwise. These new immigrants have made the entire US foreign-born population more than 13% of the total population. In 2015, the United States accepted 69,920 refugees, the same number as in the previous year. However, in 2017, refugee admissions fell sharply, according to the George W. Bush Presidential Center, which cites State Department figures. This was the lowest figure since 2002. President Donald Trump has issued a number of executive orders affecting immigration policy in recent months, including orders to strengthen border security and immigration law enforcement, and to improve controls on US applicants.
According to OECD data, Germany accepted 860,100 permanent immigrants in 2017. Although this problem plagues German domestic politics, it has dropped by 18% compared with 2016. Most immigrants came from Romania, Syria, Poland and Bulgaria. In 2016, about 23% of the population had an immigrant background, which means that they or one of their parents was born without German citizenship. In contrast, the number of first asylum applications in 2017 dropped sharply compared to the previous year, from 722,000 to less than 200,000. The applicants are mainly from Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, Eritrea and Iran.
The UK accepted 342,200 permanent immigrants in 2016, down 3% compared to 2016. The largest group of long-term non-UK immigrants to the UK in 2016 came from Romania, accounting for around 12% of the total. However, this representation could change in the wake of an important UK political issue in 2016: The vote to leave the EU – a decision known as Brexit – in which concerns over immigration played a key role. India, China and Poland also provided many immigrants to Britain.
In 2017, 33,320 people applied for asylum in the UK, a decrease in the number of applications that started in 2016. The UK was somewhat isolated from the migration crisis that is engulfing Europe as it is separated from the rest of the European mainland the English Channel.
Spain accepted 324,100 permanent immigrants in 2017, an increase of 8% over the previous year. Since the outbreak of the global financial crisis, the country experienced its first year of net migration in 2015.
Spain’s international protection applications jumped by 63% in 2017, reaching a new record of 25,270. In response to the influx, the country has strengthened its asylum and shelter system by increasing funds and facilities and reforming its system for handling unaccompanied foreign minors.
Canada accepted 286,500 permanent immigrants in 2017, a decrease of 3% from the previous year’s record of 296,400. The number of economic immigrants in 2017 increased by 2% over the previous year, reaching 159,000. This category includes skilled workers and nursing staff. In the next few years, Canadian immigration is expected to continue to maintain a record level, and the planned number of immigrants by 2020 will reach 340,000.
The number of refugees admitted in 2017 was 41,500, a 30% decrease from 2016. However, the number of new asylum applications in 2017 more than doubled from the previous year to 50,470. Although Prime Minister Justin Trudeau insisted that refugees would still be welcome in Canada, the general influx put the authorities under pressure.
In 2017, France accepted 258,900 permanent immigrants, the same number as in the previous year. In 2015, the country issued 217,500 new residence permits to citizens of non-EU countries. One-third were from North Africa and over one-fifth from Sub-Saharan Africa. Although only 20,500 new residence permits for work were issued, economic migration increased by 8 percent in 2015.
The presidential election in 2017 put opponents of immigration and the EU. Marine Le Pen against progressive Emmanuel Macron in a race reminiscent of the 2016 US and UK elections. In the end, Macron’s pro-immigration party won, although his position on the importance of aid for refugees was less firm. France received around 91,070 asylum applications in 2016, almost 20% more than in the previous year. The number set a new record for applications. Most of the requests come from Sudan, Afghanistan and Haiti.
Australia accepted 218,100 permanent immigrants in 2017, a decrease of 4% from 2016 and a decrease of 37,000 from the 2013 record. Most immigrants came from India, followed by China and the United Kingdom.
According to OECD data, Australia received 35,170 new asylum applications in 2017, up from more than 27,000 last year. Asylum seekers and refugees mainly come from Iraq, Syria, Myanmar, Afghanistan and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Australia’s controversial refugee policy involves paying the small island states of Nauru and Papua New Guinea to settle migrants under conditions condemned by human rights groups.
Australia refused to settle asylum seekers who tried to arrive by boat. In 2016, in an agreement reached with the United States, Canberra announced that it would accept an unspecified number of refugees from the Costa Rican project led by the United States, and the United States said it would accept a limited number of refugees rejected by Australia. US President Donald Trump initially criticized the plan developed by former President Barack Oabama, but US officials later stated that the arrangement would be honored.
Italy accepted 216,900 permanent immigrants in 2017, an increase of 2% compared to 216. The total number of foreigners living in the country has exceeded 5 million. One-third were born in the EU, while the majority of non-EU citizens were from Romania, Albania, Morocco, China and Ukraine. After family reunification, humanitarian protection accounted for the largest share in the granting of new permits, amounting to 28%.
Italy, a frontline country for arriving refugees, presents a case study of refugees’ wishes for a better life versus countries struggling to care for people rescued in the Mediterranean and brought to its shores. In 2017, 126,550 asylum applications were submitted, which means a continuation of annual increases since 2010.
The Netherlands accepted 141,500 permanent immigrants in 2016, an increase of 2% over the previous year.
In 2017, asylum applications continued to show a downward trend. Last year, the country received 16,090 new applications, a decrease of nearly 20% compared to 2016. The country received a record 43,100 asylum applications in 2015.
In the 2017 general election, Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte defeated Geert Wilders, a populist known for his anti-immigration and anti-Islamic platform. However, according to the provisions of the 2015 EU agreement, a Dutch court still ruled that the government cannot be forced to accept more immigrants by law.
Sweden accepted 132,200 permanent immigrants in 2017, a decrease of 15% from 2016. Net immigration to the country (minus the number of people leaving the country) reached a record 117,000 in 2016.
In contrast, the OECD stated that the number of new requests from asylum seekers in the country has declined in recent years. The number of asylum applications in 2017 was 22,190, down from 22,300 in 2016 and a record 156,460 in 2015. This number has spurred the country’s ever-changing calls for changes in its policies for admitting refugees and asylum seekers. A global survey released in 2016 ranked Sweden as the best country for economic immigration.